the media: Cybersecurity engineering, a new academic discipline (Venture Beat)<p>​Cyber startups and legacy technology companies know exactly how to attract top undergraduates: a six-figure salary, a signing bonus, even a new car. With these luxuries in reach, choosing to forgo the job offer in pursuit of advanced higher education seems irrational for most new grads. However, this is exactly what’s being asked of them by the cybersecurity industry — an industry with zero unemployment and a severe skills shortage in both private sector employment and higher education.<br/></p><img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/Venture%20Beat%20WashU%20Engineering%20Cybersecurity%20Class.PNG?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>With <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">3.5 million cybersecurity jobs</a> expected to open by 2021, employers will continue to seek out prospective job candidates from technical schools and undergraduate programs to fill them. This may satisfy the immediate need well enough, but it does not address the demand for cybersecurity professionals with advanced degrees, which is becoming even more acute.<br/></p><p>According to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">median pay</a> in 2018 for a cybersecurity analyst is likely to reach well over $100,000.</p><p>To encourage students to pursue the next level of education, we in academia must demonstrate that there is a clear path to better opportunities in terms of professional career advancement, including compensation, when entering the workforce with an advanced degree.</p><p>Despite — or because of — this challenge, universities must take a step back and listen to what industry needs before developing their cybersecurity master’s and PhD programs. By focusing on the skills and experience cybersecurity departments are lacking, universities can develop curricula that prepare graduates to meet an employer’s exact needs.</p><p>In order to create a new foundation for these programs, administrators and faculty must provide the educational environment to foster interest from undergraduate students earlier in their course of study, find creative ways to recruit faculty with expertise in cybersecurity, improve cybersecurity laboratory capabilities, and establish talent pipelines to corporate and government organizations that offer positions for high-quality cybersecurity talent.</p><h3>Finding faculty</h3><p>Highly qualified cybersecurity faculty are sought after as much as — if not more than — industry professionals. To hire and foster new faculty, institutions need to offer meaningful cybersecurity research opportunities that enable them to test new theories and solve real-world problems, all while building the PhD pipeline.</p><p>Another draw for faculty is a student body truly interested in their field of study. To drive this interest, cybersecurity must be “baked in” at the undergraduate engineering level, particularly in programs that deal directly with coursework like computer science. Offering immediate exposure to introductory cybersecurity courses at the undergraduate level – as opposed to one or two courses as part of computer science major requirements – will help engage students earlier. This exposure will incite interest in pursuing the opportunities of advanced graduate degrees and careers in cybersecurity. Key throughout the educational experience is that students develop and hone “real-world” cybersecurity skills.</p><h3>Focusing the coursework</h3><p>Whether students are mathematicians, computer scientists, computer engineers, or electrical engineers, masters and PhD programs in cybersecurity must provide both theoretical and hands-on engineering expertise to solve the complex cybersecurity problems affecting all public and private enterprises.</p><p>With regard to program content, many cybersecurity master’s programs blend the managerial with the technical. Given the demand — and the need — for highly skilled cybersecurity experts, it’s time to transition away from this approach and elevate cybersecurity to a standalone engineering discipline.</p><p>Master’s and PhD candidates in cybersecurity engineering must cultivate the acumen to design, engineer, and assess the software, hardware, applications, and technology that comprise our information and communications infrastructures.</p><h3>Equipping laboratories</h3><p>These infrastructures have impacted every industry through advances in computing. Cybersecurity can no longer be an afterthought in technology design and development. For example, the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“WannaCry” ransomware</a> that hit global organizations, affecting hundreds of thousands of businesses, universities, and even hospitals, exploited a known vulnerability in computer systems. Programmers were aware of the potential trouble months prior to the attack, but playing catch-up to remedy the problem is more challenging that understanding how to cyber-harden technology from the beginning and provide ongoing security protections throughout its lifespan.</p><p>This is why universities must develop cybersecurity laboratories and ranges that mimic real-world environments. In laboratories, students can evaluate cyberattack vectors, assess cyber defense methods, and design and develop new methods, protocols, and techniques. These environments also enable faculty and students to secure funding from private and public organizations to advance research. Compared to other fields, cybersecurity research in academia is nearly non-existent. Without the laboratory capabilities and program infrastructure to ensure we progress the field forward, we will continue to react to cyberattacks … and pay the price.</p><h3>Partnering with industry</h3><p>Leading cybersecurity executives claim it takes multiple years to effectively train a new hire to become proficient in the range of skills required of a cybersecurity practitioner. In order to reduce the large amount of time and resources that takes, industry should help shoulder the burden with universities to develop and improve cybersecurity degree programs. Similarly, universities must listen to their clients and create courses that align with the needs of corporate and government clients. By building cybersecurity masters and PhD programs with the client in mind, while also taking into account the growing academic body of knowledge, academia can expand the pipeline of skilled cyber engineers. While masters candidates will enter professional roles ready to perform on day one, those students who become PhD candidates will advance the state of the art in cybersecurity research while also building a cadre of much-needed academicians in the field.</p><p>Regardless of whether graduate students ultimately choose industry or academia, one thing is clear: Cybersecurity engineers who pursue higher levels of education will make a direct and positive impact on our collective digital security anywhere they may land.</p><p>To learn more about cyber education programs and get involved, a few helpful resources include:</p><div><p></p><p></p><blockquote style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 40px; border: none; padding: 0px;"><ul><li><a href="/Programs/Pages/cybersecurity.aspx" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">Prospective Cybersecurity Students at Washington University in St. Louis</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE)</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">National Collegiate Cyber Defense Competition</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">Cybersecurity Jobs</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">LaunchCode</a><br/></li></ul></blockquote><p></p><p></p></div><p><em>Joe Scherrer is Director of the Cybersecurity Strategic Initiative at Washington University in St. Louis and a retired U.S. Air Force Colonel.</em><br/></p>Matej Kastelic/ShutterstockJoe Scherrer, guest column for Venture Beat's Director of the Cybersecurity Strategic Initiative, Joe Scherrer, says the cybersecurity industry has zero unemployment and a severe skills shortage in both private sector employment and higher education. WashU Engineering stories of 2017<p>WashU engineers continued their strong research tradition in 2017, and implemented a new strategic plan — <a href="/our-school/strategicplan/Pages/default.aspx">Leadership Through Excellence. </a><br/></p><p>Here are 10 stories that had the most impact and reach in 2017:<br/></p><img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/top%2010%20stories%202017.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <br/> </h3><div class="newsauthor"><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Eleven-new-faculty-to-join-School-of-Engineering-Applied-Science.aspx">1. Eleven new faculty to join School of Engineering & Applied Science </a></h3><div class="newsauthor">“Adding these faculty members at both the junior and senior ranks is a big step in the growth of the size and depth of our research and education programs that are enabled by the expansion of our facilities that is underway," said Aaron F. Bobick, dean.<br/></div></div><div class="newsauthor"><div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> <a href="/news/Pages/Beginning-the-east-end-transformation.aspx" style="background-color: #ffffff; font-family: 'libre baskerville', 'times new roman', serif; font-size: 1.25em;">2. Groundbreaking ceremony marks start of university’s east end transformation project</a><br/></div><div><div data-queryruleid="00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"><div data-displaytemplate="WebPageItem"><div><div class="newsauthor">Washington University in St. Louis is embarking on a major transformation of the east end of its Danforth Campus. The project includes two new buildings dedicated to engineering.<br/></div></div><div> <br/> </div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/A-probiotic-stress-fix.aspx" style="outline: 0px;">3. A probiotic stress fix</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">An engineer at Washington University in St. Louis is using a mouse model to develop a probiotic that, when mixed into yogurt or taken as a pill, could combat the negative health effects of adrenaline rush and excessive stress.<br/></div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> </div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Pushing-the-imaging-envelope.aspx">4. Pushing the imaging envelope</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">An engineer at Washington University in St. Louis plans to push the envelope of microscopic imaging, to better visualize the molecules involved in Alzheimer’s disease. <br/></div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> <h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"></h3><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Study-casts-doubt-on-the-warming-implications-of-brown-carbon-aerosol-from-wildfires.aspx">5. Study casts doubt on the warming implications of brown carbon aerosol from wildfires</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">As devastating wildfires rage in California wine country, a team of environmental engineers at Washington University in St. Louis have made a new discovery about wildfire smoke and its effect on the atmosphere.<br/><br/></div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/WashU-engineers-to-study-better-design-for-robotics-autonomous-technology.aspx">6. WashU engineers to study better design for robotics, autonomous technology</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">Xuan "Silvia" Zhang and Christopher Gill received a four-year, $936,504 grant from the National Science Foundation to study how to orchestrate modular power in a modular manner at the mesoscale, an area that has not yet been studied.<br/></div></div> <br/> </div></div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Better-than-a-pill.aspx" style="outline: 0px;">7. Better than a pill</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">With a new $1.7 million award from the National Institutes of Health, a team from Washington University in St. Louis plans to develop a silk-based system to better alleviate the pain and discomfort of osteoarthritis.<br/></div> <br/> </div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Studying-the-brains-suspension-system-in-TBIs.aspx">8. Studying the brain’s suspension system in TBIs</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">New research from a team of engineers at Washington University in St. Louis takes a closer at this “suspension system” and the insight it could provide to prevent TBI.<br/></div> <br/> </div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Test-uses-nanotechnology-to-quickly-diagnose-Zika-virus.aspx">9. Test uses nanotechnology to quickly diagnose Zika virus</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">​Washington University in St. Louis researchers have developed a test that quickly detects the presence of Zika virus in blood.<br/></div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> </div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Common-heart-ailment-target-of-new-WashU-Engineering-research.aspx">10. Common heart ailment target of new WashU Engineering research</a></h3><div class="newsauthor">Jon Silva and his team will study how small molecules and proteins interact with ion channels in the heart to cause and prevent arrhythmia, when the heart beats too fast, too slow, or is too unstable.<br/></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><p>​<br/><br/></p> <span> <div class="cstm-section"><h3>#washuengineers top social media posts of the year<br/></h3><div> <strong></strong></div><div><p style="color: #343434;"> <strong>facebook:</strong><strong> </strong><a href="">Created by a WashU engineer, this gift will inspire.</a><br/></p><p style="color: #343434;"> <strong>twitter:</strong><strong> </strong><a href="">These are the stories behind our scholarships (Video)</a></p><p style="color: #343434;"> <strong>instagram: </strong><a href="">Fresh off the press! #washuengineers #WashU17</a><br/></p></div></div></span> <p> <br/> </p>2017-12-18T06:00:00ZWashU engineers continued their strong research tradition in 2017, and implemented a new strategic plan — Leadership Through Excellence. Q&A with Adam Kuchy '14<img alt="Adam Kuchy" src="/news/PublishingImages/Adam%20Kuchy.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p><strong>Employer:</strong> McGrath & Associates Inc.</p><p><strong>Job Title: </strong>Project Engineer</p><p rtenodeid="32"><strong>Undergraduate Degree: </strong>BS, Liberal Arts and Sciences, St. Ambrose University</p><p><strong>How has your Master's Degree helped your career? </strong>The WashU MCM degree enabled me to get my foot in the door of the construction industry and introduced me to a career in the construction/built industry on the project management side of the table. </p><p><strong>What achievement are you most proud of in your professional career? </strong>I have failed in the past and realize that I am not immune to failure in the future, but I am never going to back away from trying and continuing to better myself, the people around me, and my any project that I am involved with in the future.</p><p><strong>Who was your favorite professor during your program? </strong>It is difficult to narrow it to a single instructor. Roger Loesche challenged each us in each class and week to "learn something new every day," a skill I am passing onto my children. Paul Todd Merrill opened our minds to the idea that construction should be done with an "environmental point of view." It can be both financial and ethically beneficial to the owner and to Earth. Of course, Steve Bannes cannot be left out. From my first class to my last class with him, he was supportive, challenging and insightful in both my education and progress in the construction industry.</p><p><strong>Best piece of advice for future student? </strong>If you are unsure that you will have time to commit to the program, there is always a way. You will find that it will take a large commitment on your part and your family, but WashU has endless resources to support you.  </p><p><strong>What is your ultimate long-term goal? </strong>My goal is to continue to succeed in construction project management and always extend a hand to lift others up, even when it puts them in a better position than me. I hope I never stop learning, and when I can, teach others what I have been taught.  <br/></p>Adam Kuchy2017-11-14T06:00:00Z"Paul Todd Merrill opened our minds to the idea that construction should be done with an "environmental point of view." It can be both financial and ethically beneficial to the owner and to Earth."<p>​Master of Construction Management, Class of 2014<br/></p> House debuts at Solar Decathlon 2017<div class=""><div class="iframe-container"> <iframe width="854" height="480" frameborder="0" src=""></iframe> <br/><br/></div></div><div> <br/> </div>Buildings use much of the world’s energy. To fight global warming, we must make buildings better. <br/><img alt="CRETE House 2017" src="/news/PublishingImages/Crete%20house%20WashU%20engineering.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>​Over the past two years, more than 100 Washington University in St. Louis students from the <a href="">Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts</a> and the <a href="/Pages/home.aspx">School of Engineering & Applied Science</a> have worked with industry partners to design, fabricate and now finally construct <a href="">CRETE House</a>. The structure is part of Solar Decathlon 2017, a biennial competition sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy.<br/></p><p>After the competition, the resilient, net-zero energy house will be permanently installed at the university’s Tyson Research Center as a residence for visiting scientists.<br/></p><div> <a href=""><img src="/news/PublishingImages/WashU%20Engineers%20Solar%20Decalthlon.gif" alt="" style="margin: 5px;"/></a></div><div class="cstm-section"><h3>Mission: Create a More Sustainable Future<br/></h3><ul><li> <a href="" style="font-size: 1em; background-color: #ffffff;">WashU Team Website</a><a href=""><br/></a></li><li> <a href="">Facebook</a><br/></li><li> <a href="" style="font-size: 1em; background-color: #ffffff;">@TeamWashUSolar</a><br/></li><li><p> <a href="">#SD2017</a> or <br/><a href="">#solardecathlon</a><br/></p></li></ul></div> <br/> <div> <span> <div class="cstm-section"><h3>Media Coverage<br/></h3><div> <strong>Realtor Magazine:</strong> <a href="">Is This House Indestructible?</a> <br/><br/><strong>Construction Forum St. Louis:</strong> <a href="">WUSTL Architecture Students Build Concrete Energy Savings</a><br/></div></div></span></div><br/>Liam Otten the past two years, Washington University students have worked with industry partners to design, fabricate and now finally construct CRETE House as part of Solar Decathlon 2017.Y Q&A with Xiaoyan 'Jo' Zhou '15<img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/Xiaoyan%20Zhou%20(Jo).jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p rtenodeid="30"><strong>Currently pursuing a PhD at University of Florida</strong></p><p><strong>Undergraduate School and Degree:</strong> Bachelor of Management, Shandong Institute of Business and Technology</p><p rtenodeid="31"><strong>How has your Master's degree helped your career? </strong>The master's program not only allowed me to learn advanced management knowledge systematically, but also provided me with precious opportunities to experience the real industry world. Therefore, the program helped me to lay a solid foundation for my future academic study and helped me to realize the top concerns within the industry. Some courses within the program have team research projects and presentations, which helped to inspire research interests and improve communication skills. All the support I have received while at WashU encouraged me to pursue a PhD.</p><p rtenodeid="32"><strong>What achievement are you most proud of in your professional career? </strong>Starting a PhD degree with support from the warm and friendly faculty and staff members at WashU.</p><p rtenodeid="33"><strong>Who was your favorite professor during your program? </strong>Thomas Browdy</p><p rtenodeid="34"><strong>What was your favorite course and the biggest insight you gained? <br/></strong><em>Course: </em>Applying Innovations within Organizations<br/><em>Insight:</em> Innovation is the key to help your business remain ahead in today's competitive world.</p><p rtenodeid="35"><strong>Best piece of advice for future student? </strong>Take the advantage of the flexibility of the curriculum to learn more, to exchange ideas with people from different programs and to build up your social network.</p><p rtenodeid="36"><strong>What is your ultimate long-term goal? </strong>To teach in a university or to join the consulting/R&D department of an enterprise.</p><br/><br/><br/><span> <div class="cstm-section"><h3>WashU Women & Engineering</h3><div> <strong></strong></div><div style="text-align: center;">Women & Engineering was established as an organization for engineering alumnae from Washington University in St. Louis to support each other; inspire and mentor our women students; and help shape the School of Engineering & Applied Science.</div><div style="text-align: center;"> <br/> </div><div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 1em;"><a href="/alumni/programs-events/Pages/women-engineering.aspx">>> Read more & get involved</a></span></div></div></span><br/>​​Xiaoyan 'Jo' Zhou2017-09-28T05:00:00Z​​Xiaoyan 'Jo' Zhou is currently pursuing a PhD at University of Florida.<p><span style="font-size: 20px;">Master of Project Management, Class of 2015</span><br/></p>