era in engineering to begin at Washington University<p>​</p><div class="ms-rtestate-read ms-rte-wpbox" contenteditable="false"><div class="ms-rtestate-notify ms-rtestate-read abdb52fc-e2f3-4ad0-9502-27fc91fb9fc7" id="div_abdb52fc-e2f3-4ad0-9502-27fc91fb9fc7" unselectable="on"></div><div id="vid_abdb52fc-e2f3-4ad0-9502-27fc91fb9fc7" unselectable="on" style="display: none;"></div></div><img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/131101_sjh_jim_mckelvey_53.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>Furthering its strong trajectory as a leader in research and innovation, the Engineering school at Washington University in St. Louis is taking a major leap forward and reaffirming its commitment to tackling the world’s great engineering challenges with renewed vigor, an ambitious strategic vision <g class="gr_ gr_58 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Punctuation only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="58" data-gr-id="58">and</g> a new name.<br/></p>The School of Engineering & Applied Science will be renamed the James McKelvey School of Engineering in honor of trustee and distinguished alumnus Jim McKelvey Jr., who has made an unprecedented and transformative investment in the school.<br/> <br/>“The McKelvey name has become synonymous with innovation and entrepreneurship in the St. Louis region and well beyond,” said Chancellor Mark Wrighton. “There is no better way to make a statement about what our Engineering school stands for than by giving it a name that represents being ahead of the curve and blazing a trail of creative problem solving through technology.<div><br/>“This is a historic milestone for the university and comes at a perfect time — when we are sharpening our efforts to advance innovation and entrepreneurship, coupling science with technology in all fields from computer science to biomedical engineering and attacking global challenges such as energy and the environment. We are tremendously grateful to Jim for this investment, which expands the significant contributions the McKelvey family has made to this institution.”<div><br/>The commitment will be used to fund endowed scholarships and professorships, as well as the dean’s highest priorities for advancing the school and its impact on lives and communities in St. Louis and around the world. In particular, the commitment will allow the school to create educational and research programs that integrate computing with the humanities, social sciences, arts <g class="gr_ gr_72 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Punctuation only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="72" data-gr-id="72">and</g> other disciplines, and it will support the school’s effort to enhance the region’s innovation and entrepreneurial ecosystem. In addition to major support for facilities, McKelvey Jr.’s past giving includes scholarships and general support for the Engineering school.<br/></div><div><br/></div><div> <blockquote>“Under the strong leadership of Dean Aaron Bobick, the Engineering school is positioned for true greatness, and this is the right time to step forward with this investment,” McKelvey Jr. said. “Engineering fields are moving at an exponential growth rate, and to keep up with that requires tremendous investment of resources: human, physical and financial.”</blockquote>“This is a great day for the School of Engineering and for the university,” said Chancellor-elect Andrew D. Martin. “We are embarking on a new era that builds on the momentum and energy under Dean Bobick’s leadership. We will unleash the tremendous potential of our smart and talented students and faculty and see where their talents will take us in the new world of technology and innovation. Thanks to the unwavering generosity and support of the entire McKelvey family, the possibilities are limitless. We are profoundly grateful.”<br/>  <br/>McKelvey Jr.’s family — including his wife, Anna; his father, James McKelvey Sr., an alumnus and iconic former dean of the Engineering school; his late mother, Edith McKelvey; and his stepmother, alumna Judith McKelvey, MD — has a long legacy of dedication to Washington University. “We are a Washington University family through and through,” McKelvey Jr. said. “This university has meant so much to us, and it is my privilege to continue our role in providing for the Engineering school’s future.”<br/> <br/>“We are extraordinarily grateful to Jim Jr. and his family for their incredible history of generosity to the Engineering school. Particularly now, while we stand poised to truly transform our approach to research, innovation <g class="gr_ gr_60 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Punctuation only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="60" data-gr-id="60">and</g> learning, this new commitment will allow us to advance the McKelvey School of Engineering into the next tier of top engineering programs in this country and the world,” said Bobick, who also is the James M. McKelvey Professor.</div><div><br/>  <blockquote>“This tremendous gift creates new opportunities for our students and faculty to tackle the world’s greatest engineering challenges, and to dramatically expand computing throughout the university. At the same time, it helps ensure that a diverse population of students will have access to a world-class engineering education and enable the school to be a catalyst for economic development for the St. Louis region and beyond,” said Bobick. <br/></blockquote> <br/>Founded in 1857, Washington University’s Engineering school promotes independent inquiry and education with an emphasis on scientific excellence, innovation <g class="gr_ gr_66 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Punctuation only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="66" data-gr-id="66">and</g> collaboration without boundaries. With top-ranked research programs in biomedical engineering, environmental engineering <g class="gr_ gr_67 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Punctuation only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="67" data-gr-id="67">and</g> computer science, the school attracts many of the best students from around the world to its 40 different degree programs. The school recently launched several new graduate programs, including an interdisciplinary doctoral program in imaging science, one of only two such programs in the United States; an innovative doctoral program that combines data sciences with social work, political science and psychological and brain sciences; and a new master’s program in cybersecurity engineering. New bachelor’s programs include environmental engineering, a joint business <g class="gr_ gr_68 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Punctuation only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="68" data-gr-id="68">and</g> computer science degree, and a joint math and computer science degree. Key components of the university’s current east end campus transformation include two major facilities for engineering: James M. McKelvey, Sr. Hall (to open in 2020) for the Department of Computer Science & Engineering and other computational programs, and Henry A. and Elvira H. Jubel Hall (to open in 2019) for the Department of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science. Since 2000, the school has invested more than $250 million in new and renovated space, which includes 700,000 square feet in the new engineering complex.<br/> <br/>McKelvey Hall was made possible by a $15 million commitment from McKelvey Jr. in 2016 to honor his father who, during his 27 years as dean, transformed the Engineering school from a regional program into a nationally prominent research institution. McKelvey greatly strengthened the quality of the undergraduate and graduate curricula, particularly in emerging fields including computer science; significantly increased both undergraduate and graduate student enrollment; expanded the faculty; dramatically increased federal and other research funding; and grew the endowment for the school more than tenfold from $4 million to nearly $52 million. He also oversaw a remarkable expansion of the school’s footprint on the Danforth Campus.</div><div><br/> <div><span style="color: #666666; font-family: "libre baskerville", "times new roman", serif; font-size: 1.25em;">About Jim McKelvey Jr.</span><br/>Jim McKelvey Jr. is a successful serial entrepreneur and co-founder of Square, <g class="gr_ gr_56 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Grammar only-del replaceWithoutSep" id="56" data-gr-id="56">a revolutionary</g> financial services and mobile payment company credited with empowering businesses of all sizes around the globe.<br/> <br/>McKelvey Jr. is an independent director of the St. Louis Federal Reserve but is better known for his involvement in several St. Louis­-based startups, including Six Thirty (co-founder), LaunchCode (founder), Third Degree Glass Factory (co-founder), Mira Publishing (founded when he was a Washington University student) and Square, the company he founded in 2009 with Jack Dorsey. He also is the author of “The Art of Fire: Beginning Glassblowing,” the leading textbook for novice glassblowers.<br/> <br/>As a child, McKelvey Jr. spent formative time at the Engineering school with his father during his tenure as dean. He applied early decision to Washington University and enrolled in 1983, graduating in 1987 with degrees in economics and computer science. While a student, McKelvey Jr. wrote two computer programming textbooks.<br/> <br/>In 2012, the Engineering school presented McKelvey Jr. with its Alumni Achievement Award to recognize his groundbreaking entrepreneurship. In 2017, the university recognized him with the Robert S. Brookings Award, which honors individuals for their extraordinary dedication and generosity to Washington University. In addition to currently serving as a university trustee, he also has served as a member of the Alumni Board of Governors. <br/></div></div></div>​<span> <div class="cstm-section"><h3>McKelvey Family<br/></h3><div style="text-align: center;"> <strong><img class="ms-rtePosition-3" src="/news/PublishingImages/131101_sjh_jim_mckelvey_53.jpg?RenditionID=3" alt="" style="margin: 5px;"/></strong> </div><div style="text-align: center;"> <strong>​Jim McKelvey Jr.</strong><br rtenodeid="69"/></div><div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 12px;"></span></div><div style="text-align: left;"><ul style="color: #343434; padding-left: 20px; caret-color: #343434;"><li>Serial entrepreneur<br/></li><li>Co-founder of Square<br/></li><li>Wrote two computer programming books while in school<br/></li><li>WashU BS '87 — economics and computer science<br/></li></ul></div><div style="text-align: center;"> <strong><img src="/news/PublishingImages/James%20McKelvey.jpg?RenditionID=3" alt="" style="margin: 5px;"/>​ </strong></div><div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="text-align: center; color: #343434;"><a href="/news/Pages/Using-bacteria-to-create-a-water-filter-that-kills-bacteria.aspx"> </a><strong>James McKelvey Sr.</strong></span><br/></div><div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: 12px;"></span></div><div style="text-align: left;"><ul style="color: #343434; padding-left: 20px; caret-color: #343434;"><li>WashU MS '47, PhD '50 — chemical engineering<br/></li><li>WashU Engineering Dean for 27 years<br/></li></ul></div></div></span>​​  ​ <br/><br/>Jim McKelvey Jr. has made an unprecedented and transformative investment in engineering education at Washington University. (Photo: Sid Hastings/Washington University)Julie Hail Flory​Renamed McKelvey School of Engineering will take innovation, technology and academics to new heights <p>​Renamed McKelvey School of Engineering will take innovation, technology and academics to new heights  <br/></p> WashU Engineering stories of 2018<p>​WashU engineers continued their strong research tradition in 2018. Here are 10 stories that had the most impact and reach in 2018:<br/></p><img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/top%2010%20stories%202018.jpg?RenditionID=12" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><div class="newsauthor"><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Deans-Podcast-Engineering-the-Future.aspx" style="font-family: "libre baskerville", "times new roman", serif; font-size: 1.25em; background-color: #ffffff; color: #9e0918; outline: 0px;">1. Engineering the Future: The Future of Energy</a><br/></div><div><div data-queryruleid="00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"><div data-displaytemplate="WebPageItem"><div>The first episode of Dean Aaron Bobick’s new podcast features Professors Vijay Ramani and Rich Axelbaum.</div><div><br/></div><div class="newsauthor"><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <a href="/news/Pages/New-faculty-join-School-of-Engineering--Applied-Science-.aspx" style="background-color: #ffffff; font-family: "libre baskerville", "times new roman", serif; font-size: 1.25em;">2. New faculty join School of Engineering & Applied Science</a><br/></div><div><div data-queryruleid="00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000"><div data-displaytemplate="WebPageItem"><div><div class="newsauthor">A diverse group of new faculty joins the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis, bringing the total number to 96.5 during the 2018-2019 academic year.<br/></div></div><div> <br/> </div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Cancer-immunotherapy-target-of-WashU-mechanobiology-research.aspx" style="outline: 0px;">3. Cancer immunotherapy target of WashU mechanobiology research</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">One of the latest treatments for cancer is immunotherapy, which involves genetically modifying a patient’s own immune cells to fight tumor growth and spread. An engineer and an immunology researcher at Washington University in St. Louis are collaborating to find a better way to prepare and treat these immune cells to maximize their effectiveness in patients.<br/></div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> </div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Sinopoli-named-chair-of-WashU-electrical-systems-engineering.aspx">4. Sinopoli named chair of WashU electrical & systems engineering</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">Sinopoli represents 'a new generation of electrical engineers'<br/></div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> <h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"></h3><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/In-the-media-WashU-startup-SentiAR-Inc--awarded-$2-2M-NIH-grant.aspx">5. In the media: WashU startup SentiAR Inc. awarded $2.2M NIH grant</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">SentiAR Inc., a startup that spun out of Washington University in St. Louis’ School of Medicine and School of Engineering last year, has been getting a lot of media attention.<br/><br/></div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/New-imaging-technique-to-use-bioinspired-camera-to-study-tendon,-ligament-damage-.aspx">6. New imaging technique <g class="gr_ gr_46 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Grammar multiReplace" id="46" data-gr-id="46">use</g> <g class="gr_ gr_44 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Grammar only-ins doubleReplace replaceWithoutSep" id="44" data-gr-id="44">bioinspired</g> camera to study tendon, ligament damage</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor"><g class="gr_ gr_45 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Grammar only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="45" data-gr-id="45">Camera</g> uses polarized light to measure changes in ligament often injured by baseball pitchers<br/></div></div> <br/> </div></div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/A-first-look-at-McKelvey-Hall.aspx" style="outline: 0px;">7. A first look at McKelvey Hall</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">It’s the final piece of the East End Transformation at Washington University in St. Louis, and new renderings of James M. McKelvey, Sr. Hall demonstrate how the building will incorporate seamlessly into the project.<br/></div> <br/> </div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Bigger-proteins,-stronger-threads-Biosynthetic-spider-silk-Fuzhong-Zhang-Biomacromolecules.aspx">8. Bigger proteins, stronger threads: Synthetic spider silk</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">Engineering scientists use bacteria to create biosynthetic silk threads stronger and tougher than before<br/></div> <br/> </div><div><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Making-sense-pictures-of-medical-data-Alvitta-Ottley.aspx">9. Making sense of pictures, medical data</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">Improved visual communication with patients could lead to more informed health-care choices.<br/></div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"> <br/> </div><div class="newscaption" style="line-height: 1.5;"><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px;"> <a href="/news/Pages/Hopeful-technology-could-change-detection-diagnosis-of-deadly-ovarian-cancer.aspx">10. 'Hopeful technology' could change detection, diagnosis of deadly ovarian cancer</a><br/></h3><div class="newsauthor">Ovarian cancer claims the lives of more than 14,000 women in the U.S. each year, ranking fifth among cancer deaths in women. A multidisciplinary team at Washington University in St. Louis <g class="gr_ gr_41 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Grammar multiReplace" id="41" data-gr-id="41">has</g> found an innovative way to use sound and light, or photoacoustic, imaging to diagnose ovarian tumors, which may lead to a promising new diagnostic imaging technique to improve <g class="gr_ gr_40 gr-alert gr_gramm gr_inline_cards gr_run_anim Grammar only-ins replaceWithoutSep" id="40" data-gr-id="40">current</g> standard of care for patients with ovarian cancer. <br/></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><div class="cstm-section"><h3>#washuengineers top social media posts of the year<br/></h3><div><strong></strong></div><div><p><strong>facebook:</strong><strong> </strong><a href="">Engineering alumnus Bob Behnken chosen as one of NASA's astronauts who will fly spacecraft to and from the International Space Station.</a><br/></p><p><strong>twitter:</strong><strong> </strong><a href="">Who earned the first U.S. medal of the 2018 @Paralympics? A WashU engineer — Kendall Gretsch '14!</a><br/></p><p><strong>instagram: </strong><a href="">Catch 'em if you can. More rain in #STL now... #WashU #cherryblossoms</a><br/></p></div></div><p><br/></p>2018-12-17T06:00:00ZWashU engineers continued their strong research tradition in 2018. These are 10 stories that had the most impact and reach in 2018. attraction<img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/Gateway-Arch-alumni_group-1200x600.jpg?RenditionID=12" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><div><br/></div>St. Louisans love the Gateway Arch, but we rarely visit it. And why would we? The Gateway Arch is a tourist attraction, not necessarily a community draw.<br/><br/>Three Washington University in St. Louis alumni — Anna Leavey, MArch ’91, MCM ’11; Sarah Melinger, BA ’91; and Eric Moraczewski, EMBA ’16 — want to change that mindset.<div><br/>The team works for the Gateway Arch Park Foundation, the nonprofit that joined forces with local, state and federal entities, private donors and civic organizations to revitalize the Gateway Arch and the public spaces that surround it. So far, the foundation has unveiled a new visitor center and museum, installed new biking and jogging paths along the Arch grounds and launched new events such as the free Blues at the Arch concert series and Arch Bark pet event. The foundation also has reimagined Kiener Plaza, adding a playground and splash pad, and made improvement to the riverfront. There are yoga classes and happy hours in the summer and ice skating in the winter.<div><br/><blockquote>“New Yorkers use Central Park. Chicagoans use Millennial Park. And St. Louisans should use this park,” says Melinger, director of development for the foundation. “You aren’t going to the top of the Arch every month, but you should come down for a free exercise class or concert series. We want people to check in and say, ‘What’s happening at the Arch this weekend.’”<br/></blockquote></div><div>On July 3, St. Louisans converged at the Arch for the debut of the renovated visitor center and underground museum. The entrance, a sleek, glass semicircle, now faces the Old Courthouse where slaves Dred and Harriet Scott sued for their freedom. No longer populated by taxidermied buffalo and animatronic settlers, the museum employs artifacts, video, photography and interactive displays to tell a richer, more complex story about Westward Expansion and St. Louis’ role in the evolution of the United States. Veteran National Park Service historian Bob Moore, MA ’96, PhD ’03, researched and developed the new exhibits.<br/><br/>On the projects’ competing goals: “Every partner, whether its was the city of St. Louis or the National Park Service had a list of ‘must haves.’ And then there were dozens of other players like the Coast Guard, the Department of Transportation and the Army Corp of Engineers, each with differing priorities. I really leaned on my WashU education to help me work with different groups and help everyone achieve their objectives.”<br/>“The museum experience is both more accurate and more accessible,” says Moraczewski, who previously founded a growth strategy company before becoming executive director of the Gateway Arch Park Foundation. “The story is told for all abilities, so whether you are blind or low vision, deaf, in a wheelchair or have a different style of learning, you can have the same experience.”</div><div><br/>Moraczewski’s favorite artifact is the Old Rock House, which was built in 1818 and was one of five riverfront buildings to survive the great fire of 1849. Its stones and doors, in storage since the building was dismantled in 1959, have been reassembled in the museum’s “Riverfront Era” gallery.</div><div><br/>“You can learn so much about St. Louis from this one building, which was once a fur trading post and later became a speakeasy,” Moraczewski says. “It’s one of the many objects here that connect directly to this place. You could have moved the old museum to Colorado or anywhere on the Lewis & Clark Trail, but this experience really explains the role St. Louis — and these grounds specifically — played in our country.”</div><div><br/>No less amazing than the new museum is the lushly landscaped bridge that seamlessly connects the Old Courthouse to the Gateway Arch. Before, visitors had to cross six lanes of traffic and a highway overpass to get to the Arch. The trek was so harrowing for some that the nearby Hyatt would hire taxis to safely ferry guests across the street. The new Luther Ely Smith Square offers shade trees, benches and the best view of the Arch.<br/>“We’ve had to replace the sod three times since the square opened in 2015 because this is the spot to take pictures. It’s a great problem to have,” says Leavey, who walks the Arch grounds every Friday to observe how visitors are using the new public spaces. “The magnificence of the entrance now matches the grandeur of the Arch.”<br/><br/>Directly west of the Old Courthouse is a new Kiener Plaza, which hosts weekly exercise classes, happy hours, concerts and “Kiener Kids” playdates, as well as ice skating in the winter. Leavey says the foundation has installed extra tables and chairs to accommodate the swell of St. Louisans who take their lunch breaks at the plaza.<br/>“People used to walk along the edges of Kiener Plaza; no one ever wanted to walk inside,” says Leavey, who served as director of construction for the project. “But now it’s a meeting place. People bring their children here to play. People will walk from City Garden to the Arch because there are places to rest and things to see. This project shows how landscape and smart urban planning changes people’s behaviors in a really positive way.”</div><div><br/>The revitalized Arch is the largest public-private partnership in National Park Service history. Taxpayers approved a sales tax which raised $85 million in bond funds, and the Gateway Arch Park Foundation raised some $250 million in private donations, including a substantial gift from the family of the late Jack Taylor, the Enterprise Rent-A-Car founder and Washington University trustee emeritus. The balance was covered by city, state and federal funds. The project has created 1,000 construction jobs and is expected to draw 3.25 million more tourists to the Arch, about a million visitors more than its previous average attendance. Melinger hopes Washington University students are among them.</div><div><br/>“St. Louis is their home now,” Melinger says. “And we want them to enjoy everything this city has to offer.”<br/></div></div><p>​<br/></p><div><div class="cstm-section"><h3 style="margin-top: 0px; font-family: "open sans", sans-serif; font-size: 1.34em; text-align: center; border-bottom: 1px solid #b0b0b0; padding-bottom: 12px;">Anna Leavey<br/></h3><div style="text-align: center;"> <strong> <a href="/Profiles/Pages/Lan-Yang.aspx"> <img src="/news/PublishingImages/Anna-Leavey-760x552.jpg" alt="Pratim Biswas" style="margin: 5px; width: 208px;"/></a> <br/></strong></div><ul style="text-align: left;"><li>Director of Construction, Gateway Arch Park Foundation</li><li>Degree: Master of Architecture ’91, Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts; Master of Construction Management ’11, School of Engineering & Applied Science</li><li> Prior experience: Served as director of construction for BJC, where she oversaw the construction of several new facilities. </li><li> <span style="font-size: 1em;">On transitioning from </span> <span style="font-size: 1em;">architecture to construction: “When I was an architect, I loved being on the job site. Finally, I had to ask myself, ‘Why am I spending 90 percent of my time behind a computer when I really like to see things built.’ That’s especially been true for this once-in-a-lifetime project, which has been so complex and so transformative.”</span><br/></li></ul></div></div> <br/>Three alumni — (from left) Anna Leavey, Eric Moraczeswski and Sarah Melinger — work for the Gateway Arch Park Foundation, which joined public and private organizations in a multi-year effort to refurbish the museum and grounds.Diane Toroian Keaggy of Washington University alumni proved pivotal in the transformation of the Gateway Arch grounds and museum. The only thing missing now, they say, is you!<p>​Efforts of Washington University alumni proved pivotal in the transformation of the Gateway Arch grounds and museum. The only thing missing now, they say, is you!<br/></p> how buildings are made<img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/Lotus-House-exterior-2-1200x600.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>From consumer goods to medical devices, 3D printing is reshaping the manufacturing world. But what about construction? Could this technology change the way buildings are made?<br/></p><p>That’s the question posed by a team from Washington University in St. Louis. <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Over the past eight months</a>, students from the <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts</a> and the <a href="/Pages/home.aspx" style="box-sizing: inherit;">School of Engineering & Applied Science</a> — with support from the <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">International Center for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (InCEES)</a> — have used 3D printing to design and fabricate elements of <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Lotus House</a>, an energy-efficient prototype residence unveiled this month as part of <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Solar Decathlon China 2018</a>.</p><p>In this Q&A, project manager Kinga Pabjan, a master’s candidate in architecture and construction management, discusses Lotus House, 3D printing and the future of sustainable construction.</p> <figure style="float: right;"> <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;"> <img src="" alt="Kinga Pabjan" style="box-sizing: inherit; border-width: 0px; width: 330px; display: block; margin: 5px;"/></a> <figcaption class="wp-caption-text" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin-bottom: 0px; font-size: 1rem; font-style: italic; line-height: 1.333; color: #626464; margin-top: 0.25em;">Team WashU project manager Kinga Pabjan.</figcaption></figure> <p> <strong style="box-sizing: inherit;">Describe Lotus House. What inspired the design?</strong></p><p>Lotus House is a 650-square-foot, single-story home. The exterior is composed of curved, overlapping panels, arrayed around a central axis like a blossoming flower.</p><p>We were inspired by the beauty, delicacy and cultural importance of the lotus. But we didn’t start with the lotus. Our initial intention was to use emerging technologies, particularly additive manufacturing, to create organic form. We wanted to challenge the possibilities of 3D printing.</p><p> <strong style="box-sizing: inherit;">The circular footprint is very striking.</strong></p><p>We had the only non-orthogonal design in the competition. But traditionally, corners are poorly used. A circular building limits wasted space.</p><p>We also wanted to create an open environment that allows for natural human circulation and promotes healthy feng shui. The floor plan suggests the cycle of daily living: coming home, preparing food, relaxing with others, readying for bed. Curved sliding doors enable occupants to maximize flexibility and change the spatial flow.</p> <figure class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin: 0px auto 1.5em; max-width: 100%; padding: 0px; border: none; background-image: none; caret-color: #3c3d3d; color: #3c3d3d; font-family: "source sans pro", "helvetica neue", helvetica, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 19.2px;"> <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;"> <img data-attachment-id="288293" data-permalink="" data-orig-file="" data-orig-size="3000,2000" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"4","credit":"","camera":"ILCE-7M3","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1517814582","copyright":"","focal_length":"17","iso":"640","shutter_speed":"0.00625","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Lotus-House-interior-1" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-large wp-image-288293" src="" alt="" style="box-sizing: inherit; border-width: 0px; width: 914px; margin: 5px; display: block;"/></a> <figcaption class="wp-caption-text" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin-bottom: 0px; font-size: 1rem; font-style: italic; line-height: 1.333; color: #626464; margin-top: 0.25em;">Lotus House, interior view.</figcaption></figure> <p> <strong style="box-sizing: inherit;">Solar Decathlon projects typically take years to design and construct, but Team WashU completed Lotus House in about eight months. How did you pull it off?</strong></p><p>The majority of our team, including myself, participated in <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">CRETE House</a>, which Team WashU spent two years preparing for in 2017 at the U.S. Solar Decathlon in Denver. So we have some experience with design-build competitions. For Solar Decathlon China, we met twice a week, and more frequently near the end of the spring semester, when we were 3D printing furniture and wall samples.</p><p>Each student focused on a given task: landscape, furniture, interior, structure, etc. We typically worked in pairs, then brought what we produced to the group. Everyone would gather around a large table, with (faculty adviser) <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Hongxi Yin</a>, to discuss and design together.</p><p>Then, the team had to figure out how to turn that design into reality. In St. Louis, we worked with <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Additive Engineering Solutions</a> to produce furniture and a sample wall framework. In China, we spent five weeks working closely with <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;">Beilida</a> to produce the walls and roof — and to finalize floors, HVAC, electrical systems, insulation and other parts — before construction began July 9.</p> <figure class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin: 0px auto 1.5em; max-width: 100%; padding: 0px; border: none; background-image: none; caret-color: #3c3d3d; color: #3c3d3d; font-family: "source sans pro", "helvetica neue", helvetica, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 19.2px;"> <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;"> <img data-attachment-id="288284" data-permalink="" data-orig-file="" data-orig-size="3000,1999" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"7.1","credit":"","camera":"ILCE-7M3","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1518053293","copyright":"","focal_length":"70","iso":"320","shutter_speed":"0.01","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Lotus-House-interior-2" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="wp-image-288284 size-large" src="" alt="" style="box-sizing: inherit; border-width: 0px; width: 914px; margin: 5px; display: block;"/></a> <figcaption class="wp-caption-text" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin-bottom: 0px; font-size: 1rem; font-style: italic; line-height: 1.333; color: #626464; margin-top: 0.25em;">A 3D-printed side table.</figcaption></figure> <p> <strong style="box-sizing: inherit;">Team WashU used 3D printing to create custom formworks, which served as molds for the concrete side panels. What inspired that approach?</strong></p><p>The sustainability benefits. A typical wooden formwork can only be reused two or three times before it’s tossed into a landfill. The initial price of a 3D-printed mold is higher, but it can be reused a hundred times. 3D-printed formworks also create far less waste, use a fraction of the energy and save time, since fabrication can begin as soon as the digital description is created.</p><p>And the design possibilities are practically unlimited! 3D-printed molds eliminate traditional manufacturing-process restrictions. Our exterior roof and wall panels have a unique parabolic design that carries organically to the interior. The panels fit together like overlapping petals.</p><p>As 3D printing becomes more affordable to the construction industry, I think we’ll see a lot more organic designs produced.</p> <figure class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin: 0px auto 1.5em; max-width: 100%; padding: 0px; border: none; background-image: none; caret-color: #3c3d3d; color: #3c3d3d; font-family: "source sans pro", "helvetica neue", helvetica, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 19.2px;"> <a href="" style="box-sizing: inherit;"> <img data-attachment-id="288278" data-permalink="" data-orig-file="" data-orig-size="3000,1844" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"6.3","credit":"","camera":"ILCE-7M3","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1517788216","copyright":"","focal_length":"19","iso":"320","shutter_speed":"0.0004","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Lotus-House-exterior" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-large wp-image-288278" src="" alt="" style="box-sizing: inherit; border-width: 0px; width: 914px; margin: 5px; display: block;"/></a> <figcaption class="wp-caption-text" style="box-sizing: inherit; margin-bottom: 0px; font-size: 1rem; font-style: italic; line-height: 1.333; color: #626464; margin-top: 0.25em;">Lotus House.</figcaption></figure> <p> <strong style="box-sizing: inherit;">Are you proud of how the project turned out?</strong></p><p>It has exceeded our expectations.</p><p>Lotus House is extremely ambitious in terms of the technologies used, the complexity of the form and the tight timeline. We also were trying to push the boundaries of what people are willing to do at Solar Decathlon. And after installing the first wall panel, we knew that it was going to be a success.</p><p> <strong style="box-sizing: inherit;">What has this experience taught you?</strong></p><p>Architects typically don’t spend a lot of time on construction sites, and sometimes may not fully understand how a building is fabricated. So to have this hands-on experience was extremely rewarding.<br/></p><p>At this stage in our careers, to be managing actual projects and construction jobs is just invaluable.<br/></p><hr/><p>The School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis focuses intellectual efforts through a new convergence paradigm and builds on strengths, particularly as applied to medicine and health, energy and environment, entrepreneurship and security. With 96.5 tenured/tenure-track and 28 additional full-time faculty, 1,300 undergraduate students, 1,200 graduate students and 20,000 alumni, we are working to leverage our partnerships with academic and industry partners — across disciplines and across the world — to contribute to solving the greatest global challenges of the 21st century.</p> <br/>Lotus House, a 650-square-foot residence designed and built by Team WashU in the northwestern city of Dezhou for the 2018 Solar Decathlon China. Seven students led the design team. Liam Otten Pabjan, project manager for Team WashU at the 2018 Solar Decathlon China, discusses Lotus House, 3D printing and the future of sustainable design.<p>​Kinga Pabjan discusses Lotus House, 3D printing and Team WashU at Solar Decathlon China<br/></p> the media: Cybersecurity engineering, a new academic discipline (Venture Beat)<p>​Cyber startups and legacy technology companies know exactly how to attract top undergraduates: a six-figure salary, a signing bonus, even a new car. With these luxuries in reach, choosing to forgo the job offer in pursuit of advanced higher education seems irrational for most new grads. However, this is exactly what’s being asked of them by the cybersecurity industry — an industry with zero unemployment and a severe skills shortage in both private sector employment and higher education.<br/></p><img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/Venture%20Beat%20WashU%20Engineering%20Cybersecurity%20Class.PNG?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>With <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">3.5 million cybersecurity jobs</a> expected to open by 2021, employers will continue to seek out prospective job candidates from technical schools and undergraduate programs to fill them. This may satisfy the immediate need well enough, but it does not address the demand for cybersecurity professionals with advanced degrees, which is becoming even more acute.<br/></p><p>According to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">median pay</a> in 2018 for a cybersecurity analyst is likely to reach well over $100,000.</p><p>To encourage students to pursue the next level of education, we in academia must demonstrate that there is a clear path to better opportunities in terms of professional career advancement, including compensation, when entering the workforce with an advanced degree.</p><p>Despite — or because of — this challenge, universities must take a step back and listen to what industry needs before developing their cybersecurity master’s and PhD programs. By focusing on the skills and experience cybersecurity departments are lacking, universities can develop curricula that prepare graduates to meet an employer’s exact needs.</p><p>In order to create a new foundation for these programs, administrators and faculty must provide the educational environment to foster interest from undergraduate students earlier in their course of study, find creative ways to recruit faculty with expertise in cybersecurity, improve cybersecurity laboratory capabilities, and establish talent pipelines to corporate and government organizations that offer positions for high-quality cybersecurity talent.</p><h3>Finding faculty</h3><p>Highly qualified cybersecurity faculty are sought after as much as — if not more than — industry professionals. To hire and foster new faculty, institutions need to offer meaningful cybersecurity research opportunities that enable them to test new theories and solve real-world problems, all while building the PhD pipeline.</p><p>Another draw for faculty is a student body truly interested in their field of study. To drive this interest, cybersecurity must be “baked in” at the undergraduate engineering level, particularly in programs that deal directly with coursework like computer science. Offering immediate exposure to introductory cybersecurity courses at the undergraduate level – as opposed to one or two courses as part of computer science major requirements – will help engage students earlier. This exposure will incite interest in pursuing the opportunities of advanced graduate degrees and careers in cybersecurity. Key throughout the educational experience is that students develop and hone “real-world” cybersecurity skills.</p><h3>Focusing the coursework</h3><p>Whether students are mathematicians, computer scientists, computer engineers, or electrical engineers, masters and PhD programs in cybersecurity must provide both theoretical and hands-on engineering expertise to solve the complex cybersecurity problems affecting all public and private enterprises.</p><p>With regard to program content, many cybersecurity master’s programs blend the managerial with the technical. Given the demand — and the need — for highly skilled cybersecurity experts, it’s time to transition away from this approach and elevate cybersecurity to a standalone engineering discipline.</p><p>Master’s and PhD candidates in cybersecurity engineering must cultivate the acumen to design, engineer, and assess the software, hardware, applications, and technology that comprise our information and communications infrastructures.</p><h3>Equipping laboratories</h3><p>These infrastructures have impacted every industry through advances in computing. Cybersecurity can no longer be an afterthought in technology design and development. For example, the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“WannaCry” ransomware</a> that hit global organizations, affecting hundreds of thousands of businesses, universities, and even hospitals, exploited a known vulnerability in computer systems. Programmers were aware of the potential trouble months prior to the attack, but playing catch-up to remedy the problem is more challenging that understanding how to cyber-harden technology from the beginning and provide ongoing security protections throughout its lifespan.</p><p>This is why universities must develop cybersecurity laboratories and ranges that mimic real-world environments. In laboratories, students can evaluate cyberattack vectors, assess cyber defense methods, and design and develop new methods, protocols, and techniques. These environments also enable faculty and students to secure funding from private and public organizations to advance research. Compared to other fields, cybersecurity research in academia is nearly non-existent. Without the laboratory capabilities and program infrastructure to ensure we progress the field forward, we will continue to react to cyberattacks … and pay the price.</p><h3>Partnering with industry</h3><p>Leading cybersecurity executives claim it takes multiple years to effectively train a new hire to become proficient in the range of skills required of a cybersecurity practitioner. In order to reduce the large amount of time and resources that takes, industry should help shoulder the burden with universities to develop and improve cybersecurity degree programs. Similarly, universities must listen to their clients and create courses that align with the needs of corporate and government clients. By building cybersecurity masters and PhD programs with the client in mind, while also taking into account the growing academic body of knowledge, academia can expand the pipeline of skilled cyber engineers. While masters candidates will enter professional roles ready to perform on day one, those students who become PhD candidates will advance the state of the art in cybersecurity research while also building a cadre of much-needed academicians in the field.</p><p>Regardless of whether graduate students ultimately choose industry or academia, one thing is clear: Cybersecurity engineers who pursue higher levels of education will make a direct and positive impact on our collective digital security anywhere they may land.</p><p>To learn more about cyber education programs and get involved, a few helpful resources include:</p><div><p></p><p></p><blockquote style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 40px; border: none; padding: 0px;"><ul><li><a href="/Programs/Pages/cybersecurity.aspx" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">Prospective Cybersecurity Students at Washington University in St. Louis</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE)</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">National Collegiate Cyber Defense Competition</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">Cybersecurity Jobs</a><br/></li><li><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" style="font-size: 1.125em; background-color: #ffffff;">LaunchCode</a><br/></li></ul></blockquote><p></p><p></p></div><p><em>Joe Scherrer is Director of the Cybersecurity Strategic Initiative at Washington University in St. Louis and a retired U.S. Air Force Colonel.</em><br/></p>Matej Kastelic/ShutterstockJoe Scherrer, guest column for Venture Beat's Director of the Cybersecurity Strategic Initiative, Joe Scherrer, says the cybersecurity industry has zero unemployment and a severe skills shortage in both private sector employment and higher education.